Amaranth is a plant originating from South America and is a promising highly productive food crop for Russia. Amaranth belongs to the aspartate representatives of C4-type plants and has the ability to adapt to various environmental conditions. It is not afraid of drought and heat, it can grow even on saline soils.
Amaranth (schiritsa) has more than 50 species, differing in morphobiological and economic characteristics, it is used as a food, fodder and ornamental plant. Many types of amaranth are suitable for grazing and silage harvesting, the grain is used for poultry feed. In Asia, amaranth is popular as a grain and vegetable crop.
Currently, amaranth (schiritsa) is an international crop with an increased protein content (up to 18%), balanced by essential amino acids. Albumins and globulins make up more than half of the protein mass of amaranth. Amaranth greens contain vitamins, carbohydrates, flavonoids, as well as a large amount of minerals.
Amaranth has all the prerequisites to become one of the main food crops in Russia in the next decade. The yield of amaranth in the conditions of the Central Chernozem region is 20 c / ha of seeds, and the biomass is up to 500 c / ha. In terms of collecting protein, amino acids, vitamins, macro - and microelements per unit area, amaranth surpasses traditional cereals and legumes.
The primary industrial processing of the plant allows you to get the following products from this crop – amaranth oil, flour and cake. The unique composition of amaranth oil makes it a valuable product, successfully used in medicine, dietetics, cosmetology.